You may be curious when you get different print offer prices between printing one and more. You are so worried that the printing you have chosen too much profit or maybe if too cheap later print quality is not good or guaranteed.
By knowing the cost price of printing costs, you can at least feel safe and comfortable in deciding a transaction is not only cheap and but also makes sense for printing to complete the order to be printed.
For your own printing you can see if your cost structure follows the standard pattern or not.
Cost of goods is all costs that can be calculated with money to get, do, submit up to the billing of an order. Why are basic prices important? Yes, because of the competition, the increase in the number of printing companies, subscriptions want fast service, good quality and low prices, the game material prices, the lack of orders.
The cost of goods also must not contain other elements of profit / expense of the limit made, ie a burden that is a necessity / thing that is not possible to avoid and cost of goods must be known before the production process begins, so that if all costs were included as an element of cost of goods And printing at a time is forced to sell the results of its production at a cost of goods, then the company will be able to keep running without interruption.
There are several things to consider in calculating / calculating a print order, among others;
- Materials which include paper, ink, film, plate, etc.
- Preparation costs include, setting, design, layout, photorepro, plate making, etc.
- The cost of printing
- Construction costs include, folding fees, collecting fees, yarn / wire sewing costs, handwork costs such as covering, cutting fees, etc.
- Third party work
- Expedition / shipping costs
- Percentage of corporate profits
- Sales tax.
1. How to calculate the Royal Royal 650x1000mm size paper cut the folio size;
(650 x 1000) / (215 x 330) = 9 sheets
In calculating the paper requirement, it usually includes spare / insheet that is the excess paper of the order quantity of the mold to avoid the shortage of oplag caused by adjusting / looking for color on the production press or at the completion / binding. The amount of spare / insheet depends on company policy Printing each, usually between 2-7% (depending on the production process).
2. Sometimes we can also buy paper instead of in plano sheets, but in kilograms that are usually for bigger and cheaper capacity. The formula is;
(Number of sheets of paper x length x width x weight gr / m2) / 10,000
Counting The Ink
The formula for calculating ink usage is;
(A x O x D x V x P x I) / 10,000 = … grams of ink.
A = Number of print times
O = Area of the catak in centimeters
D = Print Technique
V = Print Reference
P = Paper / paper
I = Ink / Ink
Print Technique (D);
Offset Print = 1.1
Print in = 1.8
Print Height = 1.4
Print Reference (V):
Diapositive = 0.8
Raster = 0.4
Full block = 1.0
Table = 0.4
Table with text = 0.5
Art paper = 1.0
Imitation = 1.2
HVS = 1,4
HHI = 1.5
Newspapers = 1.8
Carton = 2.0
Coated = 0.9
Black = 1.0
Dark blue = 1.2
Yellow = 1.3
Cyan = 1.4
Magenta = 1.4
Dark green = 1.7
Light green = 1.5
Yellow = 1.3
White = 2.0
Old yellow = 1.8
Preparation to Calculate the printing cost
The company calculates the cost of setting / design, film, plate, printing cost, volume, sewing, glue and other third party costs based on for example (1) setting fee Rp.7500, – / A4 sheet, (2) Or Full color Rp.25, – / centimeter, (3) Folio size plate cost (machine TOKO) Rp.9.000, – Doble Folio size (GTO) Rp.25.000, -, (4) cost / cost of printing machine TOKO Rp. 15.000, – / 3 Rim, or GTO machine 52 Rp.90.000, – / 3 Rim, (5) hot glue cost Rp.10, – / centimeter, (6) final cut cost Rp.500, – / kilogram and so on .
Which includes the cost of warehouse is the salary of warehouse employees, maintenance and repair of warehouses, the cost of the place and the general cost charged kebagian gudang.Besarnya percentage of warehouse costs obtained by comparing the cost of warehouse out in one year.
(Warehouse Cost) / (Value of goods that came out in one year) X 100%
Example: Printing “x” has an estimated warehouse in 2000 will fill the raw / auxiliary material worth Rp.2.500.000, -, incidentally the material is used up to serve the oerder molds in the year, warehouse costs in one year Rp.125.000, – .What percentage of warehouse costs should be taken into account?
(125,000) / (2,500,000) X 100% = 5%
Expedition / shipping costs
That is the cost of shipping finished goods from the printing to the consumer which becomes the additional cost of each printed item to cover the cost incurred by the expedition. Including expedition costs are the cost of packing, shipping, employee expedition parts, indirect costs (gasoline, lubricants etc.). The amount of expedition cost is calculated by comparing expedition cost with the total production cost in one year, which is still in the operational area of the company. And if the delivery far or outside the cost area can be calculated separately.
Example: Year 2000 the amount of printing cost “x” is estimated to reach Rp.4.680.000, – and expedition expenses in that year Rp.180.000, – then the percentage of expedition cost is:
(180,000) / (4,680,000 – 180,000) x 100% = 4%